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The role of ICOS-Finland

The special mission for the ICOS-Finland is to study the sinks and sources of greenhouse gases for typical boreal ecosystems. The focus is on coniferous forests, wetlands and the Baltic Sea.

The Finnish partnership brings several advantages and added-value for ICOS in expertise and areal coverage.The Finnish sites represent the boreal and sub-arctic Eurasian environments with both east-west and south-north transitions in eco-climatic features.

Atmospheric research is national priority research area in Finland. Large infrastructures in Finland for atmospheric research are in the forefront of research and technical development. The ICOS studies are closely linked with other trace gases and atmospheric aerosols.

The Finnish partners are participating actively in several international monitoring and research projects and infrastructures, such as WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW), the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), the Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmissions of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) as well as IMECC, GEOmon, FLUXNET and CARBOEUROPE networks, to mention few.

Finnish partners are highly experienced in coordinating international and national research activities. For example, the international project office of IGBP-iLEAPS (Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Processes Study) and EUCAARI is located at the University of Helsinki, Department of Physics. University of Helsinki is also involved in coordinating the Nordic Centres of Excellences (BACCI, NECC, CRAICC) and Nordic Graduate School CBACCI.

The Finnish partners are co-operating with several companies like Vaisala, Nokia and Aerodyne (USA) for sensor development.